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Justice Process – Appeal

The judge's or jury's decision is not always final.  In most criminal cases, a decision at one level of the court system can be appealed to a higher level.

For example:

  • if a person is found guilty of a crime and he or she disagrees with that decision, an appeal can be made to a higher court to review the case
  • the higher court may agree with the judge’s decision, or may change the decision, or order a new trial
  • the Crown prosecutor has the right to appeal if the offender is found not guilty
  • if the offender is found guilty and receives a sentence that he or she feels is inappropriate, he or she can appeal the sentence
  • on the other hand, the prosecutor may also appeal if he or she feels that the sentence is not suitable

Witnesses rarely need to testify at the appeal court because the court will get information from the court reporter’s notes about what was said at the trial and will also listen to arguments from the Crown and defence lawyers.

» 1 Police Report » 2 Investigation » 3 Arrest » 4 Bail » 5 Guilty Plea
» 6 Not Guilty Plea » 7 Plea Bargain » 8 Preliminary Hearing » 9 Trial » 10 Judgment
» 11 Sentencing » 12 « Appeal